What is Neurology, Diagnosis and Treatment


The nervous system includes the brain, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves, and neurology is the discipline of medicine that deals with problems of the neurological system. The autonomic, central, and periphery nervous systems are the three primary domains of neurology. A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in neurology, while a neurosurgeon is a doctor who specialises in surgery to treat neurological diseases.

Neurologists must finish 3 to 4 years of postgraduate residency after Eight years of medical school. Some neurologists may pursue fellowships in various fields of neurology CRO after completing their residency. Behavioural neurologist, therapeutic neurophysiology, epilepsy, interventional neurology, and pain management are among examples.

Infants, young children, and adults have different neurological problems. Pediatric neurologists treat people under the age of 18 who have neurological issues. Cerebral palsy, complicated metabolic illnesses, epilepsy, cognitive difficulties, and nerve function diseases are among the disorders that afflict children.

Pediatric neurologists finish a 5-year post-graduate training programme that includes two years of paediatric training, one year of general neurology, and two years of paediatric neurology.

Treatment and diagnosis

A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological illnesses. Neurologists must first assess whether or not there is an issue with the neurological system. After reviewing the patient’s medical history, a neurological exam is performed to evaluate the function of the nervous system, coordination, mental state, sensibility, strength, and reflexes.

Additional tests may be required to guide therapy after a diagnosis has been made. Tests including computed axial tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and electromyography are used to make a diagnosis.

Brain tumours, sclerosis, spinal cord problems, diseases of the muscles and peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions are all examples of neurological disorders.

Neuro-oncology is a significant clinical field of neurology that deals with the treatment with primary brain tumours, metastases, and cancer-related neurologic consequences.

What is the role of a neurologist?

A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in the treatment of nervous system illnesses. The nervous system is divided into two sections: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The brain and spinal cord are included.

Nervous system illnesses, diseases, and accidents often need the care and treatment of a neurologist.

Neurologists must meet the following requirements before they may practise:

  • a medical school graduate
  • finish an internship
  • a neurology residency programme for three years of training

Subspecialities of Neurologist

A neurologist may specialise in a certain field due to the complexity of the neurological system. Following residency, they’ll pursue a doctorate in that field. Subspecialties have developed to concentrate a doctor’s attention.

There are several subspecialties in this field. Here are a few examples:

  • headache medicine
  • neuromuscular medicine
  • neurocritical care
  • neuro-oncology
  • geriatric neurology
  • autonomic disorders
  • vascular (stroke care)
  • child neurology
  • intervention neuroradiology
  • epilepsy