Why Use Compression Garments For Lymphedema?


Lymphedema is a swelling that occurs as a result of an accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the body. The lymph nodes function similarly to a sink drain. The liquids cannot escape if the drain is plugged. Lymphedema is most commonly found in the arms or legs, however it can also occur in other regions of the body. Lymphatic fluid is a component of the lymphatic system, which transports fluid and cells that aid in the fight against infection throughout the body. This swelling might appear suddenly or gradually over a period of months.

Lymphedema Is Caused By What?

  • Lymphedema can be caused by cancer or cancer treatment.
  • A malignant tumour can sometimes become so enormous that it clogs the lymphatic system.
  • When the tumour is removed, the lymph nodes or some of the veins that carry lymph fluid may be removed as well. This can result in fluid accumulation in the surrounding tissues.
  • Radiation therapy can cause lymphatic vessel damage and an overabundance of lymph fluid in the tissues.

Can lymphedema be avoided?

Before undergoing cancer surgery or radiation treatment, discuss with your doctor what steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing lymphedema.

What are the signs and symptoms of lymphedema?

Symptoms of lymphedema include:

  • Your arm, limb, or other bodily part may expand somewhat at first, but will enlarge further as time passes.
  • Causes the skin in that area to feel tight and sometimes tingling.
  • Make the lymphedematous arm or leg feel heavy.
  • Tighten clothing and jewellery in the affected region.
  • Make the skin appear thicker or more leathery.
  • If you experience swelling after cancer treatment, consult your doctor to determine what is causing it and how to treat it.

What kinds of health issues might lymphedema cause?

  • Lymphedema raises the likelihood of infection in the swollen area. This happens because the cells that fight infection are unable to reach that portion of your body.
  • Wounds in the lymphedema-affected area of your body may heal more slowly.
  • You may be unhappy, depressed, ashamed, or furious as a result of your lymphedema.
  • The joints in the lymphedema-affected area of the body may feel stiff or aching.

What is the lymphedema treatment?

Lymphedema treatment can be simple or complex. An occupational or physical therapist who specialises in lymphedema can assist you in selecting the appropriate programme for you.

The treatment is divided into four parts:

Skin care is important. The aforementioned tips are examples of how you can care for your skin.

Compression. Compression aids in the movement of lymphatic fluid away from the swollen area. Elastic compression garments (which stretch), short-term compression bandages, and various non-elastic compression garments for lymphedema (which do not stretch) are all choices for compression. Your lymphedema therapist will advise you on the best treatment options for you.

Exercise. An exercise programme can assist you in controlling edoema. It is critical to follow the strategy gradually so that the muscles become accustomed to it.

When will it be safe to resume normal activities and exercise?

You can gradually and gradually return to your normal life. Wearing a compression garment or band-aids may be advised by your lymphedema therapist.