What is Rectal Cancer? – Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis 

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Rectal cancer is also known as colon cancer, and bowel cancer is a type of cancer in which cancerous tissues or cancer tumours are formed in the colon or rectum of our body, which is situated in the lower end of the large intestine of the human body. Rectal cancer is more common in people aged around 50 or more. Generally, no symptoms of rectal cancer are not seen in the early or initial stages.

Rectal cancer can be easily cured in the early stages, but it becomes deadly and hard to heal in the later stages. Even the symptoms of rectal cancer are seen generally in the later stages. This is because various problems start in a human body arises when the tumour size grows. In the later stages of rectal cancer, cancer also spreads to different parts of the body near to the large intestine. Rectal cancer has been the second deadliest cancer for women, and third for men. 

But with the modernization in the medical science, diagnosis of rectal cancer has become accessible, and its treatment has also become comfortable with new medicines available in the market and with the new types of surgeries and therapies. This has reduced the no. of deaths due to rectal cancer. It is important to see the best oncologist in India and very crucial to select the best cancer hospital for treatment. You can find a list of some of the best cancer hospital in India on ClinicSpots.

There are various symptoms of rectal cancer. Symptoms of rectal cancer are very much familiar with signs of some other digestive problems. The symptoms of rectal cancer include:

  • Blood in faeces
  • Pain in the lower right end of the abdomen
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Digestive issues like constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Iron deficiency
  • Bright red blood from rectum area
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • The feeling of fullness of stomach 

These are some of the symptoms of rectal cancer, which suggests that if someone if facing them, then he/she should visit a doctor and have a complete checkup. But most of the symptoms like fatigue, tiredness, vomiting are also frequent in many other health problems.

The feeling of fullness of the abdomen and pain in different parts of the stomach is also widespread in various stomach related problems. So having some of the symptoms does not suggest that someone has rectal cancer, it might have some other issues too. But even then someone if facing 3-4 symptoms for an extended period, then rectal cancer is probable.

Causes of Rectal Cancer 

The causes of rectal cancer are still not known. Dr. Vikas Goswami reviews that casual lifestyle, continuous stomach problems, history of appendix problems and intake of some medication can be a reason, but the cause is still not confirmed that why rectal cancer occurs in some people and do not happen in others.

Diagnosis of Rectal Cancer 

Once the best oncologist in Delhi might see few signs of rectal cancer, then he will suggest the patients for various tests and physical examination for being sure about the problem of rectal cancer. Tests also tell the stages in the disease is. There are multiple tests and physical examination for rectal cancer. The criteria for rectal cancer are given below:

  • Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Molecular testing of tumour
  • Blood tests
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) or PET-CT scan
  • Ultrasound
  • X-Ray 

After this, all the tests and physical examinations, the doctor will be reviewing the results and then going for the treatment of cancer has been detected. The treatment of rectal cancer also depends upon the stage of rectal cancer. The tests also tell about the scene of rectal cancer.Conclusion

Rectal cancer is a type of cancer which occurs in the rectum, which is a part of the large intestine. The causes of Rectal cancer have not been still known; doctors are still trying to find the factors which cause Rectal cancer. However, doctors have suggested a few factors like long term digestive problems, appendix problems; specific medication can be a reason. 

Rectal cancer’s stages are dependent on the size and position of the tumour. Diagnosing rectal cancer is difficult in the early stages as it does not show significant symptoms in the early stages. Diagnosing rectal cancer becomes easy in later stages. In the later stages, the tumour can grow in size and spread to different parts of the body. Treating rectal cancer becomes difficult in the later stages. Symptoms are seen in the later stages of Rectal cancer. Thus diagnosing of rectal cancer in the earlier stages helps in fast recovery.