Cervical cancer is a type of cancer which, even if, just like other types of cancer, it doesn’t show any symptoms in its early stages, it can be very easily detected and even prevented by monitoring your condition and undergoing regular Pap tests. Routine screening can detect precancerous conditions, HPV infection or cancer in its first stages. This will give you maximum chances for survival and in the case of precancerous conditions like displasya there are 100% chances for curing it. Pap screenings can detect the cancer before it become invasive but, if diagnosis is confirmed, you’ll still have to take some other tests to accurately confirm the diagnosis.
A Pap smear uses a spatula or a brush to collect cells from the cervix and then puts them on a slide and sends them for a microscopic analysis. A cytopathologists examines them in a laboratory and then establishes if the cancer or any precancerous cells are present in the sample. The procedure is quite simple and easy to do, erquiring no prior special preparation and you can immediately go home after the sample is taken away.
It gets complicated only if and when the Pap test indicates an abnormality in the tissue and additional tests are needed for a more accurate diagnosis. Tests your doctor may recommend include: ThinPrep Pap test, speculoscopy, Schiller test and colposcopy, colposcopy-directed biopsy, endocervical curretage and cone biopsy.
The ThinPrep Pap Test is an enhanced version of the Pap test and is a liquid based test involving liquid preservation of cervical cells. The difference however won’t be felt by a woman undergoing the procedure. Next, speculoscopy is a procedure only recently approved by the FDA and it consists of using a magnifier and special wavelength light to detect abnormalities that the Pap test couldn’t detect. The Schiller Test and colposcopy are used together to first apply a solution on the cervix, cover it with iodine and then to examine the cervix with a magnifying instrument called a colposcope. These procedures are both painless and if cancerous cells are detected, call for a biopsy, which means removing tissue to examine under a microscope. This is also called colposcopic directed biopsy and the patient may experience slight discomfort and mild bleeding as a result to the procedure though it is done under anesthetic.
The cone biopsy is done just like any regular biopsy only it removes a cone shaped piece of the cervix from the area between the endocervix and the ectocervix.
Other procedures that can reduce the need for colposcopy or simply clarify Pap test results include: dilation and curretage and cervicography.
These procedures are all especially aimed at diagnosing cervical cancer. For establishing the stage and the appropriate treatment a series of other tests should be undergone. Your physician will let you know if they are necessary, at the right time.
For more information about Types of cervical cancer in http://healthinformationworld.com/category/health-tips/cancer/